However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo.
By this they usually mean that we are excessively subservient to foreigners and unduly impressed by foreign goods. But an even more harmful aspect of colonial mentality and one that is less recognized is our failure to pinpoint our real national interests apart and distinct from those of our foreign colonizers.
Despite 35 years of independence, this trait has not been eradicated. Colonial mentality has deep roots in our history: Unlike India, Indonesia, Vietnam and Cambodia, we did not confront our Spanish conquerors as a people with a highly developed culture and social structure.
Our forebears lived in small, scattered communities based on kinship ties and relied mainly on primitive agriculture which provided barely enough for their needs. We were not a nation since these communities were separate, autonomous barangays.
Trade among barangays and with the people from neighboring countries was occasional and by barter. Religion was likewise primitive with no organized body of beliefs or priestly hierarchy.
All these made physical conquest and cultural domination quite easy for the Spanish colonizers.
|Government||Forwarding the postings to relatives and friends, especially in the homeland, is greatly appreciated. Then and now, an American -who has replaced more subtly, efficiently and effectively the Spaniard- seems to reside in the mind of each Filipino in each generation since the US conquest and occupation of the Philippines.|
|FRANCIA MEDIA, BURGUNDY||Namibia[ edit ] In the mid to late 19th century and beforehand, South African trekboers found their way into Namibia then South-West Africa during separate quests to avoid aggressive British imperialism at home.|
|High-tech Aliens - Atomic Rockets||Some things bother me more than others, and though I am far from perfect myself and indeed have been guilty of some of my own complaints in the pastI feel that the hobby as a whole would be greatly improved with a few changes.|
Unlike the Cambodians with their Angkor Vat and the Indonesians with their Borobudur, we had no monuments which could remind our people of an ancient glory. When nations with advanced social structures and a firmly established culture are colonized, their past achievements constitute the source of their separate identity which enable the conquered to confront their colonizers with dignity and sometimes even a feeling of superiority.
They do not easily lose their sense of racial worth. Unfortunately for us, we were colonized before our own society could develop sufficiently. Having Our colonial mentality damaged culture and their few cultural defenses against our conquerors, we soon accepted their superiority and began to acquire what we now call a colonial mentality.
Other Western powers initially instituted a system of indirect rule in their Asian colonies by exploiting the people through their chiefs, leaving native social and cultural institutions largely intact. In the Philippines however, our two colonizers consolidated their rule by working on the native consciousness, thus effecting great changes in Filipino values and customs The Spaniards forcibly resettled the scattered barangays into larger communities where the people could more easily be Christianized and where every aspect of their lives, their customs and ideas could be scrutinized and shaped in the desired colonial mode.
In most communities, the Spanish friars represented both the power of the cross and the power of the sword.
As pillars of the colonial establishment, most priests sought to develop in their flock the virtues of obedience, humility and resignation. Spanish superiority was maintained and the "indio" was kept in his inferior position by denying him education there was no system of national education until The people were trained to follow and were discouraged from thinking for themselves.
A thirst for knowledge was considered a dangerous and subversive trait which often brought actual misfortune or the treat of hell.
The "indio" acquired the habit of allowing his economic and social superiors to do the thinking for him, and this attitude persists among us today, seriously undermining any movement for greater democracy.
Under the Spaniards, inferiority complex evolved into a national trait of Filipinos. For while the Spanish arrogance and bred anger and rebellion, American education transformed the United States in the eyes of the Filipinos from an aggressor who had robbed them of their independence to a generous benefactor.
The school system began Americanizing the Filipino consciousness by misrepresenting US expansionism and US economic policies as American altruism toward the Filipinos; by denying young Filipinos of any knowledge of Filipino resistance to American occupation and the atrocities committed the American military; by filling young minds with stories that glorify the American way of life, American heroes and American institutions.
Americanization was greatly facilitated by the imposition of English as the sole medium of instruction. This made possible the use of American texbooks.
Education taught the Filipino youth to regard American culture as superior to their own and American society as the best model for Philippine society. Of course, our americanization has been profitable to the Americans because it kept on producing new generations of avid consumers of American goods.
All these were ingredients of a new type of colonial mentality. Our so-called tutelage in self-government at the end of which we received our independence from our "generous teacher and guardian" is partly responsible for our persistent failure to recognize that our real national interests are distinct from and, more often than not, contrary to those of the United States.
American colonial policy gave the Filipinos their first experience in self-government in the legislative field. Periodic elections focused public attention on "politics", a superficial democratic exercise during which most politicians pledged to secure "immediate, absolute, complete independence" without explaining that the economic dependence of the Philippines on the US market would make such independence an empty one.
The Philippine elite, landowners who grew rich on agricultural exports to the US, largely controlled Philippine politics, so most politicians in fact supported this economic dependence. Politicians therefore concentrated on the issue of political independence and the people received little enlightenment on economic issues except from radical labor and peasant groups in the s.
The Filipino dream of independence remained limited to political sovereignty. The Philippine republic is now 35 years old. Why have we not outgrown our colonial mentality? Of course, we now have an appreciation of our national identitiy, a feeling of cultural nationalism.
We have discovered ethnic culture and take pride in local art and music.It is not surprising Sanskrit is mother of all languages..
it is a historical fact that human civilization started in Indus valley in India and Nile valley in Egypt thousands of years before Jesus Christ was born.
The degree of popularity has gone up and down depending on the circumstances. The PAC had much of the initiative and support after its formation in and into the s, due to its Africanist line and its aggressive organizing and military actions.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.  The Christic Institute was given an unprecedented million-dollar fine for daring to bring the lawsuit. See a brief description of what happened to them in Jonathan Vankin and John Whelan's 50 Greatest Conspiracies of all Time, pp.
There are those who in the realm of science fiction literature wonder if galactic empires are the new "Middle-Earth".But interstellar empires never seem to go out of style, and regardless of their practicality they remain a powerful meme.
The terrorist organization Aum Shinrikyo found inspiration in the galactic empire of Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy. European reaction to Indian Art - Western stereotyping of Indian art and culture. A failure of Western culture to come to terms with Hindu arts In the early period of European explorations of Asia, travelers saw Hindu sacred images as infernal creatures and diabolic multiple-limbed monsters.