Difference between centralization and decentralization

Two categorization schemes have been proposed.

Difference between centralization and decentralization

Guadeloupean Alternative Names Before its discovery by Christopher Columbus inthe island was called Karukera "island of beautiful waters" by the Caribs. Guadeloupe is an archipelago of eight inhabited islands in the Lesser Antilles, between the tropical Atlantic and the Caribbean Sea.

Difference between centralization and decentralization

The total area is square miles 1, square kilometers. Grande-Terre, essentially limestone, consists of plateaus, plains, and hills mornes. Basse-Terre is volcanic with high mountains and a tropical rain forest. The climate is humid and tropical with a dry season from January to May and a wet season from June to December.

The total population in was estimated to bewith a density of inhabitants per square mile per square kilometer and a growth rate of 1. Until recently, population growth was steady because of high levels of fertility and declining mortality as a result of better hygiene and medicine. The youth of the population and high unemployment situation spurred government attempts to control the population through subsidized family-planning programs and a policy of emigration in the period — The majority of the population is of African descent, with a substantial East Indian minority and smaller groups of Syro-Lebanese and white Creoles blancs-pays.

French is the official language of administration and education, but Guadeloupeans speak a French-lexified Creole that dates back to the time of colonization and slavery. In the s and s, Creole became a critical symbol in the nationalist claim for independence from France.

Today all social strata recognize the value of Creole in cultural revitalization. Other languages play symbolic roles for ethnic minorities. Syro-Lebanese residents frequently listen to Arabic-language radio stations, and songs and prayers in Tamil have survived in Hindu religious ceremonies.

Creole, drum music, food specialties, and the celebration of carnival operate alongside symbols of the French hegemonic presence such as the tricolor flag and the French national anthem. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.

In the pre-Columbian period, Arawaks and later Caribs moved to the region from coastal South America.

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European exploration led to conquest, to colonization, to the eradication of the indigenous population, to the introduction of sugarcane cultivation, and a plantation economy that was dependent on African slave labor.

Under French colonial domination sincewith brief periods of English occupation, Guadeloupe was shaped by French politics. The first abolition of slavery — and the almost total elimination of the white plantocracy during Guadeloupe the French Revolution had far-reaching social and economic consequences.

After the final abolition of slavery ina crisis of labor and capital led to the introduction of Indian indentured laborers, to the entry of metropolitan capital, and to the centralization of the sugar industry. During the twentieth century, the local population of color sought to redress political, social, and economic inequalities.

With the passage of the Assimilationist Law on 19 MarchGuadeloupe became an overseas department of France. This process ushered in wide-scale transplantation of French administrative and political superstructures and educational and social security systems.

Integration with France precipitated a decline in both export and subsistence agriculture, a growth in the service sector, a rise in unemployment, massive emigration, and increasing tensions between Guadeloupeans and metropolitan French. InGuadeloupe was designated a region, ushering in a policy of decentralization.

The first independence movements had their origins in Antillean student organizations in France and the decolonization movement after World War II.

Nationalist activity has focused on political demonstrations, trade-union strikes, electoral abstention, and affirmations of cultural difference.The Shunga kingdom. Magadha was the nucleus of the Shunga kingdom, which succeeded the Mauryan. The kingdom extended westward to include Ujjain and tranceformingnlp.com Shungas came into conflict with Vidarbha and with the Yavanas, who probably were Bactrian Greeks attempting to move into the Ganges valley.(The word yavana derives from the Prakrit yona, suggesting that the Ionians were the first .

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The difference between language and dialect in India is often arbitrary, however, and official designations vary notably from one census to another.

That is complicated by the fact that, owing to their long-standing contact with one another, India’s languages have come to converge and to form an amalgamated linguistic area—a sprachbund—comparable, for example, to that found in the Balkans.

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the French Revolution had far-reaching social and economic consequences. After the final abolition of slavery in , a crisis of labor and capital led to the introduction of Indian indentured laborers, to the entry of metropolitan capital, and to the centralization of the sugar industry.

There are a few differences between policies and procedures in management which are discussed here. One such difference is Policies reflect the ultimate mission of the organization. Unlike Procedures, that are made to show the practical application of the policies.

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