Samovar and Porter It would seem that among the learners surveyed, the Indian and African learners still maintain their separateness in terms of the apartheid legacy in South Africa. While learners are not openly racist toward each other, they keep to their own race group during social and other interactions.
Cultural competence in healthcare The provision of culturally tailored health care can improve patient outcomes.
InCalifornia passed Assembly Bill that requires patient-related continuing medical education courses in California medical school to incorporate cultural and linguistic competence training in order to qualify for certification credits.
It is impossible to refer to "a Hispanic-American perspective" or to "a single Latino culture". Although these American citizens have Latin American roots, the term "Latino" to characterize them is more correct since it is more inclusive of non-Spanish-speaking Latinos.
However, the term "Latino" does not include individuals from Spanish-speaking countries outside of Latin America e. There is also a lack of adequate research into how race and ethnicity affects members of a group.
Race has been used to explain the absence of research. Racial classifications are based on outmoded concepts and dubious assumptions regarding genetic differences.
In fact, outside of skin color, race is poorly correlated with biological or cultural phenomena, which sharply diminishes its validity in biomedical or social research.
Yet, unlike race or national origin, ethnicity is a sociological construct highly correlated with behavioral and cultural phenomena, particularly language, dress, adornment, food preference, religion, social interaction, marriage and family customs.
Further research is needed to determine whether race and ethnicity among Latinos are rather driven by mechanisms of discrimination and macrosocial factors or social status. Fortunately, not too long ago, the National Institutes of Health took an important step by insisting that any NIH- supported clinical investigation include, where appropriate, minority populations, women and the aged.
This aggregate will never produce a proper sample. Rigorous attention to sample size, composition and sampling strategies is required to research basic psychosocial processes and clinical responses of minority populations. Accordingly, the heterogeneity of the Hispanic community has to be taken into account.
Cross-cultural competence Cross-cultural competence 3C has generated confusing and contradictory definitions because it has been studied by a wide variety of academic approaches and professional fields.
One author identified eleven different terms that have some equivalence to 3C: Poor results have often been obtained due to a lack of rigorous study of 3C and a reliance on " common sense " approaches.
One theoretical construct posits that 3C, language proficiencyand regional knowledge are distinct skills that are inextricably linked, but to varying degrees depending on the context in which they are employed. But, as one approaches the internalizing and evaluation levels, the overlapping areas approach totality.
When interacting with people from other cultures, the individual experiences certain obstacles that are caused by differences in cultural understanding between two people from different cultures.
Such experiences may motivate the individual to acquire skills that can help him to communicate his point of view to an audience belonging to a different cultural ethnicity and background. Immigrants and international students[ edit ] A salient issue, especially for people living in countries other than their native country, is the issue of which culture they should follow: International students also face this issue: The students who decide to hold on to their native culture are those who experience the most problems in their university life and who encounter frequent culture shocks.
But international students who adapt themselves to the culture surrounding them and who interact more with domestic students will increase their knowledge of the domestic culture, which may help them to "blend in" more.Intercultural Communication and Diplomacy is a collection of papers presented at two conferences: the Conference on Intercultural Communication and Diplomacy, and the Conference on Organisational and Professional Cultures and Diplomacy.
Topics covered include basic theory, intercultural communication in practice in diplomacy. Cultural intelligence has been subject to so many studies in literature. Besides cultural intelligence, intercultural communication competence is emphasized in literature.
cultural society) influences the understanding of the management systems and communications on an organizational level and has a significant impact on the company's success through the intercultural communication of the employees.
The book is intended for the introductory intercultural communication course and is also of value for many courses in cultural studies, sociology, and anthropology.
The Concept of an Intercultural Philosophy. Berta Esperanza Hernandez-Truyol. Developing intercultural competence includes self-reflection, gathering information about your own and other cultures, appreciating cultural similarities and differences, using cultural resources, and acknowledging the essential equality and value of all cultures (Klein and Chen ).
To understand intercultural communication, one must first look at the cultural proclivities of each interlocutor; investigate and learn about both cultures before attempting to explain outcomes. It is important to understand cultural proclivities, beliefs, motives, values, and the like of each person involved in an intercultural dyad.